Artificial Intelligence vs. Machine Learning vs. Deep Learning

Artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), as well as deep learning (DL) are three concepts that are sometimes used primarily to represent advanced technology. It is, nonetheless, beneficial to be aware of the fundamental variations between them. 

Consider deep learning, machine learning, and artificial intelligence as a stacked collection of Russian dolls, starting with the simplest and working your way up.

Table to Contents

  • Artificial intelligence (AI)
    • Some advantages of artificial intelligence are-
  • Machine Learning(ML)
    • Some advantages of Machine Learning-
  • Deep Learning (DL)
    • Some advantages of Deep Learning-
  • Machine Learning Vs. Deep learning
  • Deep Learning Vs. AI
  • Conclusion

Machine learning is a branch of deep learning, which is further a branch of Artificial intelligence, a comprehensive word for any computer program that accomplishes something intelligent. To put it another way, all machine learning is AI, but not all AI is deep learning or machine learning, and so on. 

So today, we are going to learn about the differences between these three branches of modern computer technology. 

Artificial intelligence (AI)

The recreation of human intelligence capabilities using technology, particularly computer systems, is known as artificial intelligence (AI). Intelligent systems, natural language processing (NLP), voice recognition, and image recognition are examples of AI applications. 

Reasoning, learning, plus self-correction are the three key concepts that AI programming concentrates on.

  • Processes of learning – This element of AI technology is concerned with gathering data and formulating rules for turning it into useful information. Algorithms represent the step-by-step rules that give computing equipment instructions for completing a specific task. 
  • Processes of reasoning- This element of AI programming is concerned with selecting the best algorithm to achieve a given result. 
  • Processes of self-correction- This element of AI programming aims to search for perfect algorithms regularly to guarantee that they produce the most reliable results feasible.

Some advantages of artificial intelligence are- 

  • Achieving more accurate results – use of Ai in weather forecasting benefits in providing error-free results. 
  • Reduce the life risk jobs for humans – robots made with Ai technologies can be used in the places where human involvement is risky. 
  • More active than humans – AI can answer queries and provide solutions for twenty-four hours a day in many business and corporate sectors. 

Machine Learning(ML)

Machine learning is a subfield of artificial intelligence. Symbolic logic, which includes rules engines, expert systems, and knowledge graphs, is an instance of AI that is not machine learning. One feature of machine learning training that distinguishes it from artificial intelligence is its capacity to adapt to new information; in other words, machine learning is flexible and therefore does not necessitate human interaction to make specific modifications. It becomes less fragile as well as less dependent on human specialists as a result.

Some advantages of Machine Learning-

  • Trends and patterns are immediately discernible – Machine Learning can evaluate enormous amounts of data and address possible trends and patterns that people might miss.
  • Improvement is ongoing – As machine learning algorithms gather knowledge, their consistency and efficiency improve, allowing them to make sound choices.
  • There is no need for human involvement –  You won’t have to watch your work every inch of the process if you use Machine Learning.
  • It has a wide range of applications – ML can be beneficial to individuals in the sector of e-commerce and healthcare services, who can apply it to get a significant advantage in their market expansion.

Deep Learning (DL)

Deep Learning is an artificial intelligence sub-part based on artificial neural networks. We can say that both Deep Learning and Machine Learning are more or less similar to each other because both require data to understand and solve complexities. It is often said that Deep Learning is a branch of Machine Learning, but there are some differences. These platforms, however, have various capacities. Deep learning employs multi-layered algorithms known as neural networks. The primary goal of these algorithms is to address complex problems that machine learning cannot. 

Some advantages of Deep Learning-

  • Feature Engineering isn’t required – The practice of collecting elements from raw data to define the cause of the problem better is known as feature engineering.
  • Can easily handle unstructured data – Because unstructured data is challenging to evaluate for conventional machine learning algorithms. That’s when deep learning can come in handy.
  • Delivering Effectively Exceptional Results – Humans require rest and nourishment. As a result, they become exhausted or hungry, and they commit sloppy errors. In the scenario of neural networks, however, this is not an issue. A deep learning system, once properly taught, can execute millions of repetitive, mundane activities in a fraction of the time.

Machine Learning Vs. Deep learning 

Machine learning employs a collection of algorithms to examine and understand data, learn from it, and find the proper judgments relying on those learnings. On the other side, deep understanding divides algorithms into numerous layers to build an “artificial neural network.” This neural network is capable of self-learning and making intelligent choices.

Deep Learning Vs. AI 

Deep Learning generally uses data and complex algorithm sets to train a machine. Artificial intelligence is an idea and concept of developing innovative and intelligent machines.  


To recapitulate, Machine Learning and Deep Learning algorithms are used to power many AI systems. Machine Learning and Deep Learning are two methods for achieving AI, but they’re not identical. I hope that this post offers you a good understanding of AI, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning. If you are interested in learning more about AI, ML & DL with more in-depth knowledge, you should definitely check out multiple courses offered on these subjects on Global Tech  Council.