How to Become a Penetration Tester: 2021 Career Guide

Penetration testers are generally referred to as “lawful hackers” or “nice people.” Vulnerability testers are also referred to as security testers. They get engaged by network system operators as well as web-based software companies. To look for flaws that malicious hackers may use to collect sensitive data and information.

Hackers with pen testing certification can conduct vulnerability evaluations by putting their talents and expertise to the test. They also compensated for undertaking technological break-ins. They use various tools plus methodologies, some of which they developed themselves, to mimic real cyberattacks—leaving no possibilities in their quest to find flaws in security procedures for networks, computers, and web-based programs.

The goal of this testing process, also known as a pen test, is to identify all feasible routes to get into a computer system. And find security flaws before real hackers could get in. As a consequence, pen testers frequently work on highly private and time-sensitive initiatives. Thus trustworthiness and the ability to remain calm under stress are essential qualities. 

What is the role of a penetration tester?

If you are a penetration tester, you’ll have to execute assaults on a company’s current digital networks to play a preventive, attacking approach in cybersecurity. These assessments may employ a range of hacking methods and techniques to uncover security flaws that hackers might exploit. You’ll keep detailed records of your activities and compile an update on what you accomplished, along with how effective you were at breaking security procedures. 

Penetration testers operate in a variety of situations.

Penetration experts are usually employed in one of three settings.

  • In-house: Pentesters can work exclusively for a firm or organization as an in-house vulnerability tester. This usually helps to have a thorough understanding of the firm’s security measures. May also have a more significant say in the development of new encryption techniques and fixes.
  • Freelancer or Independent: Some vulnerability testers prefer to operate as independent contractors. This option might provide you more freedom. However, you may require to invest additional time hunting for clients at the beginning of your job.
  • Security Organisations: Penetration testing is performed by an independent security agency for some businesses. Collaborating with a security business gives you more options for the sorts of testing you may develop and run.

Duties and responsibilities of penetration testers

  • Apps, cloud architectures, and connected devices should all get tested.
  • Create and carry out a mock social engineering operation.
  • Both technical personnel and executive positions should inform the results.
  • Investigate and explore various sorts of assaults.
  • Develop security testing techniques.
  • Examine the program for security flaws.
  • Issues with document protection and integrity
  • To increase productivity, automate typical testing procedures.
  • Malware or junk may be reverse-engineered.
  • Prepare strategic and technical presentations.
  • Additional testing will be applied to verify the security enhancements.

How do you go about becoming a penetration tester?

You may make money as a pen-tester by lawfully breaking into security devices. If you’re interested in cybersecurity as well as problem-solving skills, it may be a quicker, exciting career. In this part, we’ll explore the measures you could take to land your debut penetration testing job.

1. Education.

College degrees have now become nearly required for vulnerability testers in current times. Undergraduate education in cybersecurity’s different areas. All provide potential entry points into the industry.

2. Certifications 

On the portfolios of security validators, companies prefer to see a variety of professional qualifications. This is especially true for more senior jobs. Penetration testing certificates are now widely accepted by several businesses. Some of such penetration testing certifications are – Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), CompTIA PenTest+, Certified Penetration Tester (CPT), GIAC Web Application Penetration Tester (GWAPT), GIAC Penetration Tester (GPEN), Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP), and many more.

3. Self Assessment 

Not everyone can be a good fit for pen-testing. It necessitates outstanding problem-solving abilities: tenacious drive, meticulous attention to precision, and a willingness to stay updated on industry developments. To be productive, ethical hackers must have a high degree of each of these traits. So, before choosing your job, decide whether pen testing is the right job for you, be honest with yourself.

4. Keep Yourself Updated 

It’s critical to keep updated with what’s going on in the sector, as with most other cybersecurity careers—holding knowledge and expertise updated with all the newest coding and information security developments, ever-changing breaching tactics. And encryption methods, widely exploited flaws, and everything else going on in the defense sector.

5. Improve your penetration testing abilities.

To assess for loopholes, penetration testers must have a thorough grasp of information technology. Along with that, security systems are also required. A penetration tester’s job role can contain the following skills:

  • Technologies for pentest monitoring
  • Technical paperwork and communication
  • Software and computer security
  • Coding languages, particularly scripting languages.
  • Modeling of threats
  • Platforms such as Linux, macOS, and  Windows
  • Tools for assessing security
  • Cryptography
  • Cloud computing infrastructure
  • Technologies for remote access

What is the average pay for penetration testers?

According to Salary data, Certified Pentesting Experts earn between $50,000 and $135,000 per year, with an overall yearly income of $82,500. Bonuses, incentives, and profit-sharing total roughly $18,000 per year on average.


So this was all about today’s topic. In this complete guide, we have discussed everything necessary for becoming a penetration tester at the present date. You can even go for a Pentesting course as there are numerous courses available online.