Machine Learning Vs. Deep Learning: A Comparison Guide

Learning the latest developments in artificial intelligence that seem daunting, but if you know the basics you’re interested in, you can boil most AI innovations down to two concepts: machine learning and deep learning. These terms often seem to be interchangeable buzzwords, so it’s essential to know the differences. The easiest way to understand the difference between machine learning and deep learning is to know that deep learning is machine learning. More specifically, deep learning is considered to be the evolution of machine learning. You might want to give it a shot to become a machine learning expert, enroll for a machine learning course, and obtain a certification on machine learning from your home’s comfort.


Learning Of Blog

  • What is Machine Learning?
  • What is Deep Learning?
  • Comparison of Machine Learning and Deep Learning
      • Data Dependency
      • Execution Time
      • Hardware Dependency
      • Feature Engineering
  • Conclusion


Let’s look at the concepts that dominate conversations about machine learning and deep learning and how both are different from each other.


What is Machine Learning?

Algorithms that parse data, learn from that data, and then apply what they have learned to make informed decisions is machine learning summed up. The on-demand music streaming service is a simple example of a machine learning algorithm. Machine learning powers all manner of automated tasks through various sectors, from data protection firms that track down ransomware to finance professionals that want updates to favorable trades. If we say that something is capable of machine learning, it means that it performs a task with the data provided to it and is slowly improving over time. The way machines can learn new tricks is interesting when we begin speaking about deep learning and deep neural networks.


What is Deep Learning?

Deep learning is not a new concept. It’s been running for several years now. But now, with all the excitement, deep learning is getting more coverage. Deep learning is a particular type of machine learning that achieves high power and flexibility by learning to serve the world as a nested hierarchy of concepts. Each idea is defined concerning more straightforward concepts and more abstract representations computed in less abstract ones.


Comparison of Machine Learning and Deep Learning

Now that you’ve understood the overview of Machine Learning and Deep Learning, we’ll take a few essential points and compare the two techniques on the following basis.


  • Data Dependency

The most notable difference between deep learning and traditional machine learning is its performance as the data scale raises. When the data is scanty, deep learning algorithms don’t function well. It is because deep learning algorithms need a significant number of data to be fully understood. Conventional machine learning algorithms with their handcrafted rules, on the other hand, prevail in this scenario.


  • Execution Time

A deep learning algorithm typically takes a long time to practice. This is because there are several parameters in a deep learning algorithm that takes longer than average to practice. ResNet’s state-of-the-art deep learning algorithm takes about two weeks to train entirely from scratch, whereas machine learning takes comparatively less time to prepare, from a few seconds to a few hours. During the test time, the deep learning algorithm takes a lot less time to run. Whereas, if you associate it with the nearest neighbors, the test time increases by increasing the data’s size. Although this does not fit to all machine learning algorithms, some also have short testing times.


  • Hardware Dependency

Deep learning algorithms rely heavily on high-end machines, contrary to traditional machine learning algorithms that can work on low-end devices. This is because the specifications of a deep learning algorithm involve GPUs that are an essential part of its function. Deep learning algorithms inherently perform a large number of matrix multiplication operations. These operations can be automated efficiently using a GPU because the GPU is designed for this purpose.


  • Feature Engineering

Feature Engineering is a process of placing domain knowledge into the creation of feature extractors to reduce data complexity and make patterns more visible for learning algorithms to work. This process is complicated and costly in terms of time and expertise. In Machine learning, most of the features used need to be identified by an expert and then hand-coded by domain and data type. A lot of Machine Learning algorithms’ performance depends on how perfectly the features are identified and extracted. Deep learning algorithms are trying to learn high-level data features. This is a very peculiar part of Deep Learning and a significant step forward in traditional Machine Learning. Deep learning, therefore, reduces the task of creating a new feature extractor for every question.


  • Interpretability

Last but not least, we have interpretability as a part of the observation of machine learning and deep learning. This factor is the principal reason deep learning is still thought ten times before its use by artificial intelligence experts. Let’s take an example of that. Assume we use deep learning to give automated scores to the essays. The performance of the score is quite excellent and is close to human performance. But there’s a matter here. It doesn’t reveal why that score has been given. In fact, mathematically, you can determine which nodes of a deep neural network have been activated, but we don’t know what the neurons are supposed to model and what these neural layers are doing collectively.



In this post, a high-level summary and contrast were made between deep learning and machine learning techniques. Knowing the strengths of machine learning and its deep learning branch is now more critical than ever in digital advertising. As our technologies become more intelligent, the potentialities for their applications are expanding endlessly. It is probable that, in the foreseeable future, machine learning and deep learning will not be a luxury. However, a requirement for digital marketers and advertisers to remain competitive and vital to their audiences, paving the way for an even more intelligent and sophisticated range of technologies on the path.